Descend the scale of time and stop us on the time of Leonardo da VinciScience (1452 - 1519) who, by his clairvoyance, invented the webbed glove.The fifteenth century leaves a testimony, drawn on two engravings, two swimmers footwear special boots that may have been the palms are precursorsof current (Central Library Zurich). Discipline of Galilee, Giavanni Borelli (1608 - 1679), physiologist and mathematician, is experimenting with a system ofbreathing and palms of his invention.
Seventeenth century to XVIIIIth, man exploits different prototypes to walk andbreathe at the bottom of the water. In 1873, a Prussian named Thiess designed a palm and it was tested in 1948 by JA Foëx. In 1935, Captain Corlieu developsdual rubber fins. The era of sliding surface and underwater born. The days of39/40 is notable for its underwater battles. In 1967 the first European Championship finswimming was born in the town of Locarno.
These are the Soviet who invented the monofin. Its shape, its prowess travel,training techniques, the Finswimming changes face and style. SvetlanaUspenjkaia, in 1971, surprised the world by carrying palm of less than four minutes to 400m underwater bottle, with a monofin of the first generation made of titanium, whose two branches are joined by a large canvas for the firstgeneration, then by the Ipalon, who probably weighs no less than three pounds.In 1972, the monofin made its appearance at the European Championships in Moscow and is opening new horizons chronometric competitors reachingspeeds of around 12 km / h. Very elegant, it succeeds in transformingfinswimming in snow sports.
Recognized Olympic sport by the IOC in 1986, the Swim with fins competitionand leisure is now a fast growing sport. It is intended for all age groups, bothmen and women, provided they do not cons indication.
Once the Swim with Fins has passed its tests of media coverage on the world map, the Swim with Fins can slide demonstration area and become one of the new Olympic disciplines 2000s.
which occurs both in the pool in the wild.
SWIMMING IN APNEA,
where the swimmer moves under water without air supply, a maximum distanceof 50m (25m for 12-13 years).
IMMERSION WITH SCUBA,
where the swimmer moves underwater and breathe through a compressed air cylinder (volume adapted to the length of the test), a maximum distance of 800m.
Competitions finswimming take place over the following distances:
At the surface (SF): 50m, 100m, 200m, 800m, 1500m and 1850m (one nautical mile).
Apnea (AP): 50m (25m for 12-13 years, prohibits younger).
Immersion with SCUBA (IS): 100m, 400m, 800m.
In relay (RL): 4 x 200m in surface swimming.
IN THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT: No limit.
The national and international championships are held over distances of 6 to8km.
Swim with the Palm is officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee since 1986.